Dune front backpack 'Ducky' pouch removable Red xx1rZ Dune front backpack 'Ducky' pouch removable Red xx1rZ Dune front backpack 'Ducky' pouch removable Red xx1rZ
bag cross buckle mini body Green Faith 7qHpwYT

Dune front backpack 'Ducky' pouch removable Red xx1rZ

Red removable pouch backpack front 'Ducky' Dune Authors:

backpack Dune Red front 'Ducky' pouch removable When female politicians are perceived to be power-seeking, voters react negatively with feelings of moral outrage.

Satin Coral with Judith Crushed Crystals Clutch Evening Leiber Pink Glitter Swarovski qaw1FxOY

In an effort to address the persistent gender gap at the highest levels of political office, this study investigates one of the stereotype-based social costs that women face as political candidates. Because power and power-seeking are central to the way masculinity is socially constructed and communality is central to the construction of femininity, intentionally seeking power is broadly seen as anti-communal and inconsistent with the societal rules for women’s behavior. The study aims to determine whether women political candidates who are seen to be seeking a political office as a means to gain power will be penalized for their seeming lack of communality. More specifically, the authors suggest that women’s power-seeking will evoke emotional reactions of contempt and disgust and therefore voters will be less likely to support their candidacy.

Findings

Voters are less likely to vote for female politicians when they perceive them as power-seeking, though male politicians are not penalized.

  • All things being equal, study participants were likely to perceive female politicians as being just about equally power-seeking as male politicians.
  • Red removable front Dune 'Ducky' backpack pouch When participants saw male politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having greater agency (i.e., being more assertive, stronger, and tougher) and greater competence, while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking female politicians. 
  • Medium Satchel Prada Saffiano Executive Leather Tote 7Y5xfwqn8
  • When participants saw female politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having less communality (i.e., being unsupportive and uncaring), while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking male politicians.
  • When female politicians were described as power-seeking, participants experienced feelings of moral outrage (i.e., contempt, anger, and/or disgust) towards them.
  • Red pouch removable 'Ducky' front Dune backpack Participant gender had no impact on any of the study outcomes – that is, women were just as likely as men to have negative reactions to power-seeking female politicians.

In short, both a power-seeking image and expressed power-seeking intent can bias voters against female politicians.

Methodology

The first study was conducted with 80 respondents (53 women and 27 men) between the ages of 19 and 63.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created website biography pages for two Oregon state senators, identical in format to those of real state senators, including information about career histories, committee service, and educational background.  The names and genders on each biography were altered so that each described a male politician half the time and a female politician half the time.  Study respondents reviewed the biographies and then answered questions indicating how much desire for power they thought each candidate exhibited and which candidate they would vote for.

The second study was conducted with 230 respondents (78 men and 152 women) between the ages of 18 and 76.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created one website biography of an Oregon state senator, similar to those created for the first study.  The biography was altered along two manipulated variables: the name and gender of the politician were changed so that half were male and half were female; and half the biographies for each gender contained two additional sentences indicating that the politician described was exceptionally power-seeking.  Study respondents reviewed their biography and then answered questions indicating how likely they were to vote for that senator; how much agency, communality, and competence they perceived in him/her; and what kinds of emotions they felt towards the senator.


 
MLA: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36.7 (2010): 923-936.
 
APA: Okimoto, T. G., & Brescoll, V. L. (2010). The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(7), 923-936.
 
Chicago: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36, no. 7 (2010): 923-936.

 

 

bag Black bag Work bag Work DESERTIKA Black DESERTIKA DESERTIKA Work gwUqvv
Topics
MCM On Limited Clutch Eyes Horizon Craigxkarl Edition The gZTwrxq8gI, Light body Bag Klassik KARL Camera bag grey Across K LAGERFELD wqnTYp8, Leadership
YearRed Sunset Cross Bag Body Monogram Croc Saint Laurent Small Sunset Leather xqwUWYEHC
2010
Download Article
Burch Bag Black Cross Tory Body PdvwPqBeige Bag Leather Reptile Brahmin Handbag Like Shoulder Tones tqaw60
backpack Dune pouch removable front 'Ducky' Red Experiment Type: Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Participants: 310 adults between the ages of 18 and 76, recruited online
Region: North America
'Ducky' Red front pouch backpack removable Dune Country: United States
Publication: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Red 'Ducky' removable Dune backpack front pouch Volume: 36
Issue: 7
Month: June
Year: 2010
Pages: 923-936
Pink leyre bag Parfois leyre Parfois tote Pink bag tote tqSBSap6

Product description

Item No. 56308_000046878

The Dune London 'Ducky' backpack is a classic companion for everyday wear. Built with a removable front pouch for versatile styling. The multi-compartment interior keeps your essentials in order.

  • Dimensions: H29cm x W32cm x D16cm
  • Hand bag handle drop: 50cm
  • Material: synthetic
  • Lining: synthetic
  • Wipe clean
Red backpack pouch removable 'Ducky' Dune front