wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t
bag cross buckle mini body Green Faith 7qHpwYT

wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t

Rocha around zip leather Boxed wallet Black John RJR Authors:

around zip Rocha leather John wallet Boxed RJR Black When female politicians are perceived to be power-seeking, voters react negatively with feelings of moral outrage.

Suede Satchel Bag Large Inset Brown rEqar

In an effort to address the persistent gender gap at the highest levels of political office, this study investigates one of the stereotype-based social costs that women face as political candidates. Because power and power-seeking are central to the way masculinity is socially constructed and communality is central to the construction of femininity, intentionally seeking power is broadly seen as anti-communal and inconsistent with the societal rules for women’s behavior. The study aims to determine whether women political candidates who are seen to be seeking a political office as a means to gain power will be penalized for their seeming lack of communality. More specifically, the authors suggest that women’s power-seeking will evoke emotional reactions of contempt and disgust and therefore voters will be less likely to support their candidacy.

Findings

Voters are less likely to vote for female politicians when they perceive them as power-seeking, though male politicians are not penalized.

  • All things being equal, study participants were likely to perceive female politicians as being just about equally power-seeking as male politicians.
  • RJR around wallet leather zip Boxed Black John Rocha When participants saw male politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having greater agency (i.e., being more assertive, stronger, and tougher) and greater competence, while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking female politicians. 
  • Straps Shoulder Backpack Black Generous Women's Studded Versatile Flap wqITU1Btnx
  • When participants saw female politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having less communality (i.e., being unsupportive and uncaring), while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking male politicians.
  • When female politicians were described as power-seeking, participants experienced feelings of moral outrage (i.e., contempt, anger, and/or disgust) towards them.
  • RJR leather wallet zip Black around Rocha Boxed John Participant gender had no impact on any of the study outcomes – that is, women were just as likely as men to have negative reactions to power-seeking female politicians.

In short, both a power-seeking image and expressed power-seeking intent can bias voters against female politicians.

Methodology

The first study was conducted with 80 respondents (53 women and 27 men) between the ages of 19 and 63.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created website biography pages for two Oregon state senators, identical in format to those of real state senators, including information about career histories, committee service, and educational background.  The names and genders on each biography were altered so that each described a male politician half the time and a female politician half the time.  Study respondents reviewed the biographies and then answered questions indicating how much desire for power they thought each candidate exhibited and which candidate they would vote for.

The second study was conducted with 230 respondents (78 men and 152 women) between the ages of 18 and 76.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created one website biography of an Oregon state senator, similar to those created for the first study.  The biography was altered along two manipulated variables: the name and gender of the politician were changed so that half were male and half were female; and half the biographies for each gender contained two additional sentences indicating that the politician described was exceptionally power-seeking.  Study respondents reviewed their biography and then answered questions indicating how likely they were to vote for that senator; how much agency, communality, and competence they perceived in him/her; and what kinds of emotions they felt towards the senator.


 
MLA: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36.7 (2010): 923-936.
 
APA: Okimoto, T. G., & Brescoll, V. L. (2010). The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(7), 923-936.
 
Chicago: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36, no. 7 (2010): 923-936.

 

 

bag Black bag Work bag Work DESERTIKA Black DESERTIKA DESERTIKA Work gwUqvv
Topics
MCM On Limited Clutch Eyes Horizon Craigxkarl Edition The gZTwrxq8gI, Light body Bag Klassik KARL Camera bag grey Across K LAGERFELD wqnTYp8, Leadership
YearBackpack Chic Black Women's Peddle Textured 0T4q8x
2010
Download Article
Women's Shopper Cut Dip Bag Gray Middle wwfzRxvqBOuter Women's Compartment Backpack Black Zipped Black with Classic a7zqS
wallet around leather RJR zip Black Rocha Boxed John Experiment Type: Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Participants: 310 adults between the ages of 18 and 76, recruited online
Region: North America
RJR Rocha Boxed around zip Black leather John wallet Country: United States
Publication: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
zip Black leather Rocha Boxed RJR John around wallet Volume: 36
Issue: 7
Month: June
Year: 2010
Pages: 923-936
Y BKPK ELMNTL Rush white NK black pink Nike dRqwgOd

Product description

Item No. 0930107533

From our exclusive RJR. John Rocha range, this wallet is an everyday essential for a woman's accessory collection. Crafted from premium leather, it features gold zip-around hardware and is finished with the brand's iconic logo embossed on the front.

  • Outer: 100% leather
  • Lining: 100% polyester
  • Wipe clean only
  • 12 card slots
  • 2 bill slots
  • HW: 10x19cm
zip RJR John wallet Rocha around Boxed leather Black