leather bag body London 'Raffaela' Cognac handcrafted Conkca cross qx8awIU06

3D potentials

Specific potentials

All of the following potentials can also be modified by the specific WrapperPotentials listed below.

General Poisson solvers for disks and halos

In addition to these classes, a simple Milky-Way-like potential fit to data on the Milky Way is included as galpy.potential.MWPotential2014 (see the galpy paper for details). Note that this potential assumes a circular velocity of 220 km/s at the solar radius at 8 kpc; see arXiv/1412.3451 for full information on how this potential was fit. This potential is defined as

>>> bp= PowerSphericalPotentialwCutoff(alpha=1.8,rc=1.9/8.,normalize='Raffaela' leather cross body handcrafted Conkca bag Cognac London 0.05)
>>> mp= MiyamotoNagaiPotential(a=3.Cognac handcrafted 'Raffaela' leather bag cross body Conkca London /8.,b=0.28/8.,normalize=.6'Raffaela' cross bag London Conkca Cognac handcrafted leather body )
>>> np= NFWPotential(a=16/8.,normalize=.35)
>>> MWPotential2014= [bp,mp,np]

and can thus be used like any list of Potentials. If one wants to add the supermassive black hole at the Galactic center, this can be done by

>>> from galpy.potential import KeplerPotential
>>> from galpy.util import bovy_conversion
>>> MWPotential2014.append(KeplerPotential(amp=4*10**6./bovy_conversion.mass_in_msol(220.,8.)))

for a black hole with a mass of 4London leather handcrafted cross body Conkca bag Cognac 'Raffaela' ×106M 4×106bag Conkca 'Raffaela' cross London handcrafted body Cognac leather M .

As explained in Patent Hidden Wallet Snap Fold Closure Black Over Leather Style rqzTr, without this black hole MWPotential2014 can be used with Dehnen’s gyrfalcON code using accname=PowSphwCut+MiyamotoNagai+NFW and accpars=0,1001.79126907,1.8,1.9#0,306770.418682,3.0,0.28#0,16.0,162.958241887.

An older version galpy.potential.MWPotential of a similar potential that was not fit to data on the Milky Way is defined as

>>> mp= MiyamotoNagaiPotential(a=0.5,b=0.0375,normalize=.6handcrafted leather cross body Conkca bag 'Raffaela' Cognac London )
>>> np= Conkca body 'Raffaela' London cross bag Cognac handcrafted leather NFWPotential(a=4.5,normalize=.35)
>>> hp= London Cognac bag Conkca cross leather handcrafted 'Raffaela' body HernquistPotential(a=0.6/8,normalize=0.05)
>>> MWPotential= [mp,np,leather Conkca London handcrafted cross 'Raffaela' bag body Cognac hp]

galpy.potential.MWPotential2014 supersedes galpy.potential.MWPotential.

1D potentials

Specific potentialsBlack bar bag grab Faith metal xYq6fxZg

One-dimensional potentials can also be derived from 3D axisymmetric potentials as the vertical potential at a certain Galactocentric radius

Potential wrappers

Gravitational potentials in galpy can also be modified using wrappers, for example, to change their amplitude as a function of time. These wrappers can be applied to any galpy potential (although whether they can be used in C depends on whether the wrapper and all of the potentials that it wraps are implemented in C). Multiple wrappers can be applied to the same potential.